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Black Mothers and Babies at Risk
|"Black babies in the United States die at just over two times the rate of white babies in the first year of their life," says Arthur James, MD.
African American mothers at all income levels give birth prematurely and suffer the loss of their newborns and infants at significantly higher rates than mothers of other races and ethnicities, according to decades of research.
Arthur James, MD, Executive Director of the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity and clinical professor at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, presented his findings at the New Haven Healthy Start 20th Anniversary convening, "1997-2017: Then, Now & Beyond!" James identifies patterns of historical discrimination that have resulted in disparities in black/white infant mortality rates.
Listen to Dr. James on WNPR:
Watch highlights from the 20th Anniversary:
New Haven Healthy Start helps pregnant women and mothers deliver healthy and happy babies. The Black infant mortality rate in New Haven is more than twice as high as the mortality rate for White infants. Eliminating this and other disparities in birth outcomes and reducing infant mortality and morbidity rates overall is our primary goal.
|One of the best ways to ensure healthy birth outcomes is to support pregnant women and mothers with a strong support network. You can help at-risk moms and their babies by joining the Baby Buddy Program. For more information contact Kenn Harris, Program Director.
In two decades of New Haven Healthy Start . . .
- More than 13,000 pregnant women have received care coordination services
- More than 9,000 infants have secured medical homes in primary care centers
- Infant mortality rates in New Haven have dropped by more than half.
- All prenatal women enrolled in NHHS have received comprehensive risk assessments
- The Consortium and Perinatal Partnership has increased partner and participant engagement
- The perinatal health system in New Haven is strengthened
Prior to New Haven Healthy Start, one out of 50 babies in New Haven died within their first year of birth, an Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) of more than 20 deaths per 1,000 live births. The IMR was 79% higher than the state average and 64% higher than the national average.
The IMR in New Haven has fallen to 7 deaths per 1,000 live births. For New Haven Healthy Start babies, the IMR is 4.5 deaths per 1,000 live births, or one out of 222, which is also below both state and national averages.