Demographic Changes - Leading On Issues - The Community Foundation for Greater New Haven

Demographic Changes

A Changing Population

Greater New Haven was forged by centuries of investment and migration, and continues to see rapid demographic changes. These changes impact our infrastructure needs and civic life. In order to compete with other metropolitan regions, we must understand and react to them in a timely fashion.

Growth and Increasing Density

Greater New Haven is one of the most densely populated urban areas in the Northeast, and is growing more quickly than metropolitan Boston, New York and Providence. Most of this growth is taking place in the City of New Haven and its Inner Ring suburbs. Since 2000, New Haven has seen the largest net gain of residents of any single town or city in Connecticut.

Middle Class Opportunity

Greater New Haven Income Levels
Greater New Haven Income Levels

Compared to most metropolitan areas, Greater New Haven has a higher population of middle class families. A "middle class" income is three times the Federal Poverty Level, or $70,650 for a family of four.

Youthful City, Aging Region

Change in Population Age 25-44 from 2000 to 2020
Change in Population age 25-44, 2000 to 2020 (Actual and projected)

While our population is growing overall, we continue to see a decline in the population of younger adults. Out of all cities and towns in Connecticut, the City of New Haven is the single notable exception to this trend.

Increasing Diversity and Immigration

Greater New Haven residents are as diverse as the nation as a whole: 1 in 3 (161,000 people) now identify as a race or ethnicity other than White, up from 1 in 5 (91,000 people) in 1990. But residential segregation, while similar to other Northeastern urban areas, is still high and exacerbates the "achievement gap" in educational outcomes.

Change in Total Population 2000 2020
Change in total popluation, 2000 to 2020 (Actual and projected)
Segregation: Percent of all young children in region living in low or medium income city neighborhood areas
Segregation: Percent of all young children in rection living in low or medium income city neighborhood areas
Change in population in poverty, 1990 to 2011
Change in population in poverty, 1990 to 2011

Yet, Greater New Haven is also affected by income inequality, which nationally is now at its highest level since 1917. One in ten residents in our region, including one in four in New Haven is living in poverty.

Change in Population over age 65
Change in population over age 65 (actual and projected)

Over the next 10 years, our region's population growth will be characterized by a truly unprecedented increase in the population of adults over the age of 65, particularly within the outer ring.

Quick Facts: Foreign Born PopulationSince 1990, the share of people living in our region who were born abroad has increased from 7 percent to 12 percent of our total population, almost exactly mirroring the change in the U.S. as a whole. In the City of New Haven, the foreign-born population more than doubled and now stands at 22,000 people - 17 percent of the population.


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